Us pre election

us pre election

9. Nov. Fakes in Germany's election – A Twitter analysis for parties and their An Analysis of Reporting about the U.S. Presidential Election. Die Wahl zum Präsidenten und zum Vizepräsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika .. „Hacking a U.S. presidential election [is] even easier than we thought!“ („Das Hacken einer US-Präsidentschaftswahl ist noch einfacher als wir . Unlike the electoral college system for electing the president, the procedures for nominating presidential candidates are not spelled out in the U.S. Constitution.

election us pre -

Viele Anhänger der Republikaner sehen dieses als zu abgehoben an und werfen ihm vor, eine Klientelpolitik zu verfolgen, statt sich von den Interessen der Bevölkerung leiten zu lassen. Es genügt, die eigene Zugehörigkeit zu einer Partei auszudrücken, indem man sich für die Teilnahme an der Vorwahl registriert oder auch nur durch die Teilnahme selbst. Although states are free to determine the dates on which their primary and caucus elections may be held, they also have an incentive to conduct their nomination contests in accordance with party rules, since the U. Much lobbying occurs at this stage of the meeting. Oktober um Trump hatte bereits zu Beginn seiner Kandidatur mehr Follower in den sozialen Medien als alle seine parteiinternen Gegenkandidaten zusammen. Die absolute Mehrheit, die ein Präsidentschaftskandidat erreichen muss, liegt demnach bei Wahlleuten. Memento des Originals vom Johnson , zu ihrem Kandidaten bei der anstehenden Präsidentschaftswahl. Januar , die Unterlagen für eine Teilnahme an der Präsidentschaftswahl bei der Bundeswahlbehörde ein, zu einem früheren Zeitpunkt als alle vorherigen Präsidenten. That is one reason for the proliferation of political polls. Green Party Vereinigte Staaten. Pay payl Verfahren wurde eingeführt, um die demokratische Transparenz innerhalb der Parteien zu fördern. Especially as according to the current announcements of Obama ch league America should be a possibility as an Asylum country for Syrian refugees and thereby American citizens would be affected by the originally European events. April gab der Senator Bernie Sanders seine Kandidatur bekannt. Die Wahlmänner des Electoral College gaben am Although this system involves several months, the candidate preferences are essentially home 24 ag in the first round of voting. Rick Neu-de to Run for President. Zudem sind mehrere Klagen gegen Trump wegen der unzureichenden Trennung von seinen unternehmerischen Interessen anhängig. Offizielle Vorwürfe aus Washington:

In response to the election, the 12th Amendment was passed, requiring electors to cast two distinct votes: While this solved the problem at hand, it ultimately had the effect of lowering the prestige of the Vice Presidency, as the office was no longer for the leading challenger for the Presidency.

The separate ballots for President and Vice President became something of a moot issue later in the 19th century when it became the norm for popular elections to determine a state's Electoral College delegation.

Electors chosen this way are pledged to vote for a particular presidential and vice presidential candidate offered by the same political party.

So, while the Constitution says that the President and Vice President are chosen separately, in practice they are chosen together.

The 12th Amendment also established rules when no candidate wins a majority vote in the Electoral College. In the presidential election of , Andrew Jackson received a plurality , but not a majority, of electoral votes cast.

The election was thrown to the House of Representatives , and John Quincy Adams was elected to the presidency. A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Clay , who had also been a candidate in the election.

Since , aside from the occasional "faithless elector," the popular vote determines the winner of a presidential election by determining the electoral vote, as each state or district's popular vote determines its electoral college vote.

Although the nationwide popular vote does not directly determine the winner of a presidential election, it does strongly correlate with who is the victor.

In 53 of the 58 total elections held so far about 91 percent , the winner of the national popular vote has also carried the Electoral College vote.

The winners of the nationwide popular vote and the Electoral College vote differ only in close elections. In highly competitive elections, candidates focus on turning out their vote in the contested swing states critical to winning an electoral college majority, so they do not try to maximize their popular vote by real or fraudulent vote increases in one-party areas.

However, candidates can fail to get the most votes in the nationwide popular vote in a Presidential election and still win that election.

In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes. According to the 12th Amendment in the Constitution, the House of Representatives must choose the president out of the top 3 people in the election.

Clay had come fourth, so he threw his support to Adams, who then won. Because Adams later named Clay his Secretary of State, Jackson's supporters claimed that Adams gained the presidency by making a deal with Clay.

Charges of a "corrupt bargain" followed Adams through his term. Then in , , , and , the winner of electoral vote lost the popular vote outright.

Numerous constitutional amendments have been submitted seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, but none has ever successfully passed both Houses of Congress.

Another alternate proposal is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote instead of just their respective statewide results.

The presidential election day was established on a Tuesday in the month of November because of the factors involved weather, harvests and worship.

When voters used to travel to the polls by horse, Tuesday was an ideal day because it allowed people to worship on Sunday, ride to their county seat on Monday, and vote on Tuesday—all before market day, Wednesday.

The month of November also fits nicely between harvest time and harsh winter weather, which could be especially bad to people traveling by horse and buggy.

Until , presidents were not sworn in until March 4 because it took so long to count and report ballots, and because of the winner's logistical issues of moving to the capital.

With better technology and the 20th Amendment being passed, presidential inaugurations were moved to noon on January 20—allowing presidents to start their duties sooner.

The Federal Election Campaign Act of was enacted to increase disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns. Thus, this began a trend of presidential candidates declaring their intentions to run as early as the Spring of the previous calendar year so they can start raising and spending the money needed for their nationwide campaign.

The first president, George Washington , was elected as an independent. Since the election of his successor, John Adams , in , all winners of U.

Third parties have taken second place only twice, in and The last time a third independent candidate achieved significant success although still finishing in third place was in , and the last time a third-party candidate received any electoral votes not from faithless electors was in Article Two of the United States Constitution stipulates that for a person to serve as President, the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States , at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years.

A candidate may start running his or her campaign early before turning 35 years old or completing 14 years of residency, but must meet the age and residency requirements by Inauguration Day.

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution also sets a term limit: Constitution also has two provisions that apply to all federal offices in general, not just the presidency.

Article I, Section 3, Clause 7 states that if the U. Congress convicts any officer on impeachment, they may also bar that person from holding any public office in the future.

And Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the election to any federal office of any person who had held any federal or state office and then engaged in insurrection, rebellion or treason; this disqualification can be waived if such an individual gains the consent of two-thirds of both houses of Congress.

In addition, the Twelfth Amendment establishes that the Vice-President must meet all of the qualifications of being a President.

The modern nominating process of U. This process was never included in the United States Constitution , and thus evolved over time by the political parties to clear the field of candidates.

The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while the caucuses are organized directly by the political parties.

Some states hold only primary elections, some hold only caucuses, and others use a combination of both. These primaries and caucuses are staggered generally between January and June before the federal election, with Iowa and New Hampshire traditionally holding the first presidential state caucus and primary, respectively.

Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. The major political parties officially vote for their presidential candidate at their respective nominating conventions, usually all held in the summer before the federal election.

Depending on each state's law and state's political party rules, when voters cast ballots for a candidate in a presidential caucus or primary, they may be voting to award delegates "bound" to vote for a candidate at the presidential nominating conventions, or they may simply be expressing an opinion that the state party is not bound to follow in selecting delegates to their respective national convention.

Unlike the general election, voters in the U. Furthermore, each political party can determine how many delegates to allocate to each state and territory.

In for example, the Democratic and Republican party conventions each used two different formulas to allocate delegates. The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Along with delegates chosen during primaries and caucuses, state and U.

For Republicans, they consist of the three top party officials from each state and territory. Democrats have a more expansive group of unpledged delegates called " superdelegates ", who are party leaders and elected officials.

Each party's presidential candidate also chooses a vice presidential nominee to run with him or her on the same ticket , and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention.

If no single candidate has secured a majority of delegates including both pledged and unpledged , then a " brokered convention " results. All pledged delegates are then "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate.

Thereafter, the nomination is decided through a process of alternating political horse trading , and additional rounds of re-votes.

The conventions have historically been held inside convention centers , but since the late 20th century both the Democratic and Republican parties have favored sports arenas and domed stadiums to accommodate the increasing attendance.

Under the United States Constitution, the manner of choosing electors for the Electoral College is determined by each state's legislature.

Although each state designates electors by popular vote, other methods are allowed. For instance, instead of having a popular vote, a number of states used to select presidential electors by a direct vote of the state legislature itself.

However, federal law does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," i.

Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government.

Like any other election in the United States, the eligibility of an individual for voting is set out in the Constitution and regulated at state level.

The Constitution states that suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race or color , sex or age for citizens eighteen years or older. Beyond these basic qualifications, it is the responsibility of state legislatures to regulate voter eligibility.

Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice.

The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific presidential and vice presidential candidate.

Many voting ballots allow a voter to "blanket vote" for all candidates in a particular political party or to select individual candidates on a line by line voting system.

Which candidates appear on the voting ticket is determined through a legal process known as ballot access. Usually, the size of the candidate's political party and the results of the major nomination conventions determine who is pre-listed on the presidential ballot.

Thus, the presidential election ticket will not list every candidate running for President, but only those who have secured a major party nomination or whose size of their political party warrants having been formally listed.

Laws are in effect to have other candidates pre-listed on a ticket, provided that enough voters have endorsed the candidate, usually through a signature list.

The final way to be elected for president is to have one's name written in at the time of election as a write-in candidate. This is used for candidates who did not fulfill the legal requirements to be pre-listed on the voting ticket.

It is also used by voters to express a distaste for the listed candidates, by writing in an alternative candidate for president such as Mickey Mouse or comedian Stephen Colbert whose application was voted down by the South Carolina Democratic Party.

In any event, a write-in candidate has never won an election for President of the United States. Guam has held straw polls for president since the election to draw attention to this fact.

Most state laws establish a winner-take-all system, wherein the ticket that wins a plurality of votes wins all of that state's allocated electoral votes, and thus has their slate of electors chosen to vote in the Electoral College.

Maine and Nebraska do not use this method, instead giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one electoral vote to the winner of each Congressional district.

Each state's winning slate of electors then meets at their respective state's capital on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December to cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for President and Vice President.

Although Electoral College members can technically vote for anyone under the U. Constitution, 24 states have laws to punish faithless electors , [19] those who do not cast their electoral votes for the person whom they have pledged to elect.

In early January, the total Electoral College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting in his capacity as President of the Senate , and read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President.

If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment.

Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives.

For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote. A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President.

In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.

Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.

Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.

The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:.

Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.

Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce.

Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.

Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election. The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.

Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Ford's accession to the presidency is unique in American history in that he became vice president through the process prescribed by the Twenty-fifth Amendment rather than by winning an election, thus making him the only U.

Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives. However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A.

Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military. Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.

Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. Bush 's commercial " Revolving Door " became major factors in those respective elections.

In , George H. Bush's promise of " Read my lips: Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.

By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy.

In , the internet became a grassroots and a voice of the people tool—a way for the users to connect with each other and with the campaign, like Dean's website had done in All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace.

The popularity of a candidate could be measured by the number of "friends" on these sites as well as on websites like Hitwise, which listed the number of hits all of the presidential candidate's websites had each week.

Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free. This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes.

This represents 73 percent of adult internet users. The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.

E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation. On March 26, , the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to "not regulate political communication on the Internet, including emails, blogs and the creating of Web sites" [25] This decision made only paid political ads placed on websites subject to campaign finance limitations.

The presidential election process is controversial, with critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country.

Because of the staggered nature of the primary season, voters in Iowa, New Hampshire and other small states which traditionally hold their primaries and caucuses first in January usually have a major impact on the races.

Campaign activity, media attention, and voter participation are usually higher in these states, as the candidates attempt to build momentum and generate a bandwagon effect in these early primaries.

Conversely, voters in California and other large states which traditionally hold their primaries last in June usually end up having no say in who the presidential candidates will be.

The races are usually over by then, and thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little incentive to participate in these late primaries.

As a result, more states vie for earlier primaries to claim a greater influence in the process. However, compressing the primary calendar in this way limits the ability of lesser-known candidates to effectively corral resources and raise their visibility among voters, especially when competing with better-known candidates who have more financial resources and the institutional backing of their party's establishment.

Primary and caucus reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Plan , where states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who would hold their primaries first.

With the primary races usually over before June, the political conventions have mostly become scripted, ceremonial affairs. As the drama has left the conventions, and complaints grown that they were scripted and dull pep rallies, public interest and viewership has fallen off.

Peace and Freedom [] Liberty Union Party []. Natural Law Party []. West Virginia [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [].

Gary Johnson Libertarian Party campaign. Jill Stein Green Party campaign. Evan McMullin Independent campaign. Darrell Castle Constitution Party campaign.

Hillary Clinton focused her candidacy on several themes, including raising middle class incomes, expanding women's rights, instituting campaign finance reform, and improving the Affordable Care Act.

In March , she laid out a detailed economic plan basing her economic philosophy on inclusive capitalism , which proposed a "clawback" which would rescind tax relief and other benefits for companies that move jobs overseas; with provision of incentives for companies that share profits with employees, communities and the environment, rather than focusing on short-term profits to increase stock value and rewarding shareholders; as well as increasing collective bargaining rights; and placing an "exit tax" on companies that move their headquarters out of America in order to pay a lower tax rate overseas.

Donald Trump's campaign drew heavily on his personal image, enhanced by his previous media exposure. The red baseball cap with the slogan emblazoned on the front became a symbol of the campaign, and has been frequently donned by Trump and his supporters.

Moreover, he has insisted that Washington is "broken" and can only be fixed by an outsider. Clinton had an uneasy, and at times adversarial relationship with the press throughout her life in public service.

In contrast, Trump benefited from free media more than any other candidate. Both Clinton and Trump were seen unfavorably by the general public, and their controversial nature set the tone of the campaign.

Clinton's practice during her time as Secretary of State of using a private email address and server , in lieu of State Department servers, gained widespread public attention back in March Also, on September 9, , Clinton stated: They're racist, sexist, homophobic, xenophobic, Islamophobic—you name it.

On the other side, on October 7, , video and accompanying audio were released by The Washington Post in which Trump referred obscenely to women in a conversation with Billy Bush while they were preparing to film an episode of Access Hollywood.

The audio was met with a reaction of disbelief and disgust from the media. The ongoing controversy of the election made third parties attract voters' attention.

Johnson responded, "And what is Aleppo? On the other hand, Green Party candidate Jill Stein stated that the Democratic and Republican parties are "two corporate parties" that have converged into one.

Putting another Clinton in the White House will fan the flames of this right-wing extremism. In response to Johnson's growing poll numbers, the Hillary Clinton campaign and Democratic allies increased their criticism of Johnson in September , warning that "a vote for a third party is a vote for Donald Trump" and deploying Senator Bernie Sanders Clinton's former primary rival, who supported her in the general election to win over voters who might be considering voting for Johnson or for Stein.

This is an overview of the money used in the campaign as it is reported to Federal Election Commission FEC and released in September Trump, who has frequently criticized the mainstream media , was not endorsed by the vast majority of newspapers, [] [] with the Las Vegas Review-Journal , [] The Florida Times-Union , [] and the tabloid National Enquirer his highest profile supporters.

USA Today , which had not endorsed any candidate since it was founded in , broke tradition by giving an anti-endorsement against Trump, declaring him "unfit for the presidency".

Other traditionally Republican papers, including the New Hampshire Union Leader , which had endorsed the Republican nominee in every election for the last years, [] The Detroit News , which had not endorsed a non-Republican in its years, [] and the Chicago Tribune , [] endorsed Gary Johnson.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation agreed. Clapper in early January testified before a Senate committee that Russia's meddling in the presidential campaign went beyond hacking, and included disinformation and the dissemination of fake news , often promoted on social media.

President-elect Trump originally called the report fabricated, [] and Wikileaks denied any involvement by Russian authorities.

The Commission on Presidential Debates CPD , a non-profit organization, hosted debates between qualifying presidential and vice-presidential candidates.

According to the commission's website, to be eligible to opt to participate in the anticipated debates, "in addition to being Constitutionally eligible, candidates must appear on a sufficient number of state ballots to have a mathematical chance of winning a majority vote in the Electoral College, and have a level of support of at least 15 percent of the national electorate as determined by five selected national public opinion polling organizations, using the average of those organizations' most recently publicly-reported results at the time of the determination.

The three locations chosen to host the presidential debates, and the one location selected to host the vice presidential debate, were announced on September 23, The site of the first debate was originally designated as Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio ; however, due to rising costs and security concerns, the debate was moved to Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York.

On August 19, Kellyanne Conway , Trump's campaign manager confirmed that Trump would participate in a series of three debates.

The nominees of the Democratic , Republican , Libertarian , Green , Constitution , Reform , and Socialism and Liberation parties, as well as independent candidate Evan McMullin , were invited to participate.

The election was held on November 8, The news media and election experts were surprised twice: English political scientist Lloyd Gruber said, "One of the major casualties of the election season has been the reputation of political science, a discipline whose practitioners had largely dismissed Donald Trump's chances of gaining the Republican nomination.

Even Wisconsin , Pennsylvania , and Michigan , states that had been predicted to vote Democratic, were won by Trump. Math, calculations, candidate dislike causing voter abstention begat the numbers.

That map was bleeding red I always used to believe in [polls]. I don't believe them anymore. According to the authors of Shattered: Obama aide David Simas called Clinton campaign manager Robby Mook to persuade Clinton to concede the election, with no success.

Obama then called Clinton directly, citing the importance of continuity of government , to ask her to publicly acknowledge that Trump had won.

Believing that she was still unwilling to concede, the president then called Clinton campaign chair John Podesta , but the call to Clinton had likely already persuaded her.

On Wednesday morning at 2: Clinton called Trump early that morning to concede defeat, [] and at 2: Six states plus a portion of Maine that Obama won in switched to Trump Electoral College votes in parentheses: Florida 29 , Pennsylvania 20 , Ohio 18 , Michigan 16 , Wisconsin 10 , Iowa 6 , and Maine's second congressional district 1.

Initially, Trump won exactly more Electoral College votes than Mitt Romney had in , with two lost to faithless electors in the final tally.

Thirty-nine states swung more Republican compared to the previous presidential election, while eleven states and the District of Columbia swung more Democratic.

Michael McDonald estimated that A FEC report of the election recorded an official total of Data scientist Azhar Hamdan noted the paradoxes of the outcome, saying that "chief among them [was] the discrepancy between the popular vote, which Hillary Clinton won by 2.

Dave Leip's Atlas of U. Retrieved February 4, For Bernie Sanders and John Kasich: Chris Suprun stated that he cast his presidential vote for John Kasich and his vice presidential vote for Carly Fiorina.

The other faithless elector in Texas, Bill Greene, cast his presidential vote for Ron Paul but cast his vice presidential vote for Mike Pence, as pledged.

The exact numbers of write-in votes for Sanders have been published for three states. In California, his official running mate was Tulsi Gabbard and in New Hampshire and Vermont there was not a running mate attached to Sanders.

The table below displays the official vote tallies by each state's Electoral College voting method.

The source for the results of all states is the official Federal Election Commission report. The column labeled "Margin" shows Trump's margin of victory over Clinton the margin is negative for every state the Clinton won.

A total of 29 third party and independent presidential candidates appeared on the ballot in at least one state. Independent candidate Evan McMullin , who appeared on the ballot in 11 states, received over , votes 0.

Wisconsin went Republican for the first time since , while Pennsylvania and Michigan went Republican for the first time since The Clinton campaign pledged to participate in the Green Party recount efforts, while Trump backers challenged them in court.

The winner of the statewide vote gets two additional electoral votes. Red denotes states or congressional districts whose electoral votes are awarded separately won by Republican Donald Trump; blue denotes those won by Democrat Hillary Clinton.

Most media outlets announced the beginning of the presidential race about twenty months prior to Election Day. Soon after the first contestants declared their candidacy, Larry Sabato listed Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, New Hampshire, Florida, Nevada, and Ohio as the seven states most likely to be contested in the general election.

After Donald Trump clinched the Republican presidential nomination, many pundits felt that the major campaign locations might be different from what had originally been expected.

Rust Belt states such as Pennsylvania , Wisconsin , and even Michigan were thought to be in play with Trump as the nominee, while states with large minority populations, such as Colorado and Virginia , were expected to shift towards Clinton.

According to Politico [] and the online blog, his path to victory went through states such as Florida, North Carolina, Nevada, New Hampshire, and possibly Colorado.

Early polling indicated a closer-than-usual race in former Democratic strongholds such as Washington , Delaware , New Jersey , Connecticut , Maine for the two statewide electoral votes , and New Mexico.

Some reviews took this information as evidence of an expanded 'swing-state map'. A consensus among political pundits developed throughout the primary election season regarding swing states.

Trump's primary campaign was propelled by victories in Democratic states, and his supporters often did not identify as Republican.

For example, Utah was the reddest state in , although the Republican share was boosted significantly by the candidacy of Mormon candidate Mitt Romney.

Media reports indicated that both candidates planned to concentrate on Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina. These generally rate the race by the likelihood for each party to win a state.

As the parameters of the race established themselves, analysts converged on a narrower list of contested states, which were relatively similar to those of recent elections.

Additionally, a district from each of Maine and Nebraska were considered to be coin flips. Clinton won states like New Mexico by less than 10 percentage points.

States won by Obama in the contest , such as Ohio 18 , Iowa 6 , and Maine's second district 1 , were also won by Trump.

The close result in Maine was not expected by most commentators, nor were Trump's victory of over 10 points in the second district and their disparities.

After the conventions of the national parties, candidates from the main parties carried out trips to the states: Results by vote distribution among states.

The size of each state's pie chart is proportional to its number of electoral votes. Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton.

Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote Red-Purple-Blue view. United States presidential election, cartogram.

The voter survey is based on exit polls completed by 24, voters leaving voting places throughout the United States on Election Day , in addition to 4, telephone interviews with early and absentee voters.

The election also represented the first time that Republicans performed better among lower-income whites than among affluent white voters.

Meanwhile, Trump increased his lead with non-Hispanic white voters through 1 percent over Mitt Romney's performance, and American Indians , Alaska Natives , and Pacific Islanders shifted their support towards the Republican candidate using the same relative amount.

However, "more convincing data" [] from the polling firm Latino Decisions indicates that Clinton received a higher share of the Hispanic vote, and Trump a lower share, than the Edison exit polls showed.

Various methods were used to forecast the outcome of the election. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Times , and Larry Sabato from the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Democratic victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country.

However, FiveThirtyEight's model pointed to the possibility of an Electoral College-popular vote split widening in the final weeks based on Trump's improvement in swing states like Florida or Pennsylvania.

This was due to the demographics targeted by Trump's campaign which lived in big numbers there, in addition to Clinton's poor performance in several of those swing states in comparison with Obama's performance in , as well as having a big number of her potential voters in very populated traditionally 'blue' states, but also in some very populated states traditionally 'red', like Texas, which were projected safe for Trump.

Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. Three states Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan which were considered to be part of Clinton's firewall , were won by Trump.

This result stands in contrast to the results , when President Obama won all but Indiana , which he carried in This table displays the final polling average published by Real Clear Politics on November 7, the actual electoral margin, and the over-performance by either candidate relative to the polls.

Many pollsters were puzzled by the failure of mainstream forecasting models to predict the outcome of the election. The sole exception was Maine's 2nd congressional district.

Trump's victory, considered unlikely by most forecasts, [] [] [] [] [] was characterized as an "upset" and as "shocking" by the media.

Following the announcement of Trump's election, large protests broke out across the United States with some continuing for several days.

Protesters have held up a number of different signs and chanted various shouts including "Not my president" and "We don't accept the president-elect".

High school and college students walked out of classes to protest. At some protests fires were lit, flags and other items were burned and people yelled derogatory remarks about Trump.

Rioters also broke glass at certain locations. After the election, computer scientists, including J. Alex Halderman , the director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society, urged the Clinton campaign to request an election recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania three swing states where Trump had won narrowly for the purpose of excluding the possibility that the hacking of electronic voting machines had influenced the recorded outcome.

Donald Trump and New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu both complained that liberal voters from Massachusetts were illegally bused into New Hampshire for the election, and Scott Brown blamed the same phenomenon for losing his senate race in They found that in every case, field inspectors were able to determine that the voters were from New Hampshire, though they were riding a bus operated by an out-of-state company which has its name and address written on the outside of the bus, presumably the source of the confusion.

On November 23, Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein launched a public fundraiser to pay for recounts in Wisconsin , Michigan , and Pennsylvania , asserting that the election's outcome had been affected by hacking in those states; Stein did not provide evidence for her claims.

Stein filed for a recount in Wisconsin on November 25, [] after which Clinton campaign general counsel Marc Elias stated that their campaign would join Stein's recount efforts in that state and possibly others "in order to ensure the process proceeds in a manner that is fair to all sides.

President-elect Donald Trump issued a statement denouncing Stein's Wisconsin recount request saying, "The people have spoken and the election is over.

District Judge Mark Goldsmith ordered a halt to the recount in Michigan on December 7, dissolving a previous temporary restraining order against the Michigan Board of Elections that allowed the recount to continue, stating in his order: Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery — but not actual injury.

District Judge Paul Diamond rejected an appeal by the Green Party and Jill Stein to force a recount in Pennsylvania, stating that suspicion of a hacked Pennsylvania election "borders on the irrational" and that granting the Green Party's recount bid could "ensure that no Pennsylvania vote counts" given the December 13, , federal deadline to certify the vote for the Electoral College.

The recounts in Wisconsin and Nevada were completed on schedule, resulting in only minor changes to vote tallies.

A subsequent state audit found no evidence of voter fraud and concluded that the mistakes, which were "almost entirely" caused by poll-worker mistakes attributed to poor training, did not impair "the ability of Detroit residents to cast a ballot and have their vote counted.

Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots campaigns have been directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency.

US to provide pro bono legal counsel as well as a secure communications platform for members of the Electoral College who are regarding a vote of conscience against Trump.

Williams castigated Democratic electors who had filed a lawsuit in Federal court to have the state law binding them to the popular vote in their case for Hillary Clinton overturned.

On December 10, ten electors, in an open letter headed by Christine Pelosi to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper , demanded an intelligence briefing [] [] in light of Russian interference in the election to help Trump win the presidency.

On December 19, several electors voted against their pledged candidates: The th United States Congress officially certified the results on January 6, In the Electoral College vote on December 19, for the first time since , multiple faithless electors voted against their pledged qualified presidential candidate.

Likewise, for the first time since , [e] multiple faithless electors voted against the pledged qualified vice presidential candidate.

Of the faithless votes, Colin Powell and Elizabeth Warren were the only two to receive more than one; Powell received three electoral votes for President and Warren received two for Vice President.

Sanders is the first Jewish American to receive an electoral vote for President. LaDuke is the first Green Party member to receive an electoral vote, and Paul is the third member of the Libertarian Party to do so, following the party's presidential and vice-presidential nominees each getting one vote in It is the first election with faithless electors from more than one political party.

The seven people to receive electoral votes for president were the most in a single election since , and more than any other election since the enactment of the Twelfth Amendment in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For related races, see United States elections, Presidential election results map. Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state.

United States presidential election. President of the United States. Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Trump Tower wiretapping allegations Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Republican Party presidential primaries, Republican Party presidential candidates, Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection, Democratic Party presidential primaries, Democratic Party presidential candidates, Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection, Gary Johnson, Libertarian Party.

Jill Stein, Green Party. Evan McMullin presidential campaign, Darrell Castle, Constitution Party. United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, West Virginia [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] Independent Richard Duncan Real Estate Agent from Ohio Ricky Johnson Preacher from Pennsylvania 18 24, 0.

Terranova 9 0. Sorenson 9 76 1, 0. Meyers 4 71 2, 0. Newspaper endorsements in the United States presidential election, Russian interference in the United States elections.

Democratic Party presidential debates and forums, ; Republican Party presidential debates and forums, ; Libertarian Party presidential debates and forums, ; and Green Party presidential debates and forums, United States presidential debates,

McGovern's private polls showed that Dangerous Beauty Spelautomat - Spinn & Vinn Spela Online could exceed 40 percent of the primary vote in New Hampshire; thus, he wisely suggested to the media that he would be happy with a 35 percent showing. Zugleich wird der Vizepräsident gewählt. Dabei gilt es die Frage zu beantworten, ob bestimmte Medien einen Präsidentschaftskandidaten häufiger positiv hervorhuben und den politischen Gegner abwerteten oder aber eine neutrale Berichterstattung in der letzten Phase des US-Wahlkampfs dominierte. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.

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März sämtliche Delegierte Ohios gewann. Various surveys show that the American citizen understands the EU as an important partner but only few have a differentiated picture of the EU. By , more than half the states held presidential primaries. In etlichen Bundesstaaten waren die Fristen für eine Kandidatur bereits verstrichen. Hillary Clinton hatte im Vergleich 5. In that race, however, other organizations' network and major newspaper polls drove the media coverage. Mai die Vorwahl in Indiana klar für sich entschied, zog sich Trumps Hauptkonkurrent Ted Cruz und wenige Stunden später auch John Kasich aus den Vorwahlen zurück, sodass Trump seitdem als faktischer Kandidat der Republikaner gelten konnte. After his victory was assured, some commentators compared the election to President Harry S. Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots campaigns have been directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency. This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat The state played Beste Spielothek in Groissing finden pivotal role in the election, when out of more than 5. Turnera faithless elector from Alabama Beste Spielothek in Wersten finden, voted for Jones and Talmadge instead of Stevenson and Kefauver. Trump also won three " blue wall " stronghold states that had not gone Republican casino bedeutung the s: Senate, including four of the five who served between and Primary and Toronto Online Gambling – Online Gambling in Toronto reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Planwhere states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who 2. bbl hold their primaries first. Again, us pre election was unsuccessful. Meyers 4 71 2, 0. A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President. A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Claywho champions league today match also been a candidate in the election. United States presidential election. President-elect Donald Trump issued a statement denouncing Der skrill Wisconsin recount request saying, "The people have spoken and the election is over.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives.

However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A. Bush have been governors of a state.

Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military.

Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.

Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. Bush 's commercial " Revolving Door " became major factors in those respective elections.

In , George H. Bush's promise of " Read my lips: Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.

By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy.

In , the internet became a grassroots and a voice of the people tool—a way for the users to connect with each other and with the campaign, like Dean's website had done in All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace.

The popularity of a candidate could be measured by the number of "friends" on these sites as well as on websites like Hitwise, which listed the number of hits all of the presidential candidate's websites had each week.

Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free. This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes.

This represents 73 percent of adult internet users. The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.

E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation. On March 26, , the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to "not regulate political communication on the Internet, including emails, blogs and the creating of Web sites" [25] This decision made only paid political ads placed on websites subject to campaign finance limitations.

The presidential election process is controversial, with critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country.

Because of the staggered nature of the primary season, voters in Iowa, New Hampshire and other small states which traditionally hold their primaries and caucuses first in January usually have a major impact on the races.

Campaign activity, media attention, and voter participation are usually higher in these states, as the candidates attempt to build momentum and generate a bandwagon effect in these early primaries.

Conversely, voters in California and other large states which traditionally hold their primaries last in June usually end up having no say in who the presidential candidates will be.

The races are usually over by then, and thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little incentive to participate in these late primaries.

As a result, more states vie for earlier primaries to claim a greater influence in the process.

However, compressing the primary calendar in this way limits the ability of lesser-known candidates to effectively corral resources and raise their visibility among voters, especially when competing with better-known candidates who have more financial resources and the institutional backing of their party's establishment.

Primary and caucus reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Plan , where states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who would hold their primaries first.

With the primary races usually over before June, the political conventions have mostly become scripted, ceremonial affairs.

As the drama has left the conventions, and complaints grown that they were scripted and dull pep rallies, public interest and viewership has fallen off.

After having offered gavel-to-gavel coverage of the major party conventions in the midth century, the Big Three television networks now only devote approximately three hours of coverage one hour per night.

Critics also argue that the Electoral College is archaic and inherently undemocratic. With all states, except Maine and Nebraska, using a winner-take-all system, both the Democratic and the Republican candidates are almost certain to win all the electoral votes from those states whose residents predominantly vote for the Democratic Party or the Republican Party, respectively.

This encourages presidential candidates to focus exponentially more time, money, and energy campaigning in a few so-called " swing states ", states in which no single candidate or party has overwhelming support.

Such swing states like Ohio are inundated with campaign visits, saturation television advertising, get-out-the-vote efforts by party organizers, and debates.

Meanwhile, candidates and political parties have no incentive to mount nationwide campaign efforts, or work to increase voter turnout, in predominately Democratic Party "safe states" like California or predominately Republican Party "safe states" like Texas.

In practice, the winner-take-all system also both reinforces the country's two-party system and decreases the importance of third and minor political parties.

In theory, it is possible to secure the necessary electoral votes from only the eleven most populous states and then ignore the rest of the country.

In , Representative Samuel F. Vinton of Ohio proposed an amendment to the constitution that would replace the electoral college system with a lot system.

The Joint Resolution called for each state to elect, by a simple majority, a presidential candidate of said state. Each state would notify Congress of the presidential election results.

Congress would then inscribe the name of every state on uniform balls, equal to the number of said state's members of Congress, and deposit into a box.

In a joint session of Congress, a ball would be drawn, and the elected candidate of the state of which is written on the drawn ball would be named President.

A second ball would immediately be drawn after, and that state's candidate would be named Vice-President. The resolution did not pass the House.

Representative Vinton proposed an identical amendment in Again, it was unsuccessful. The driving force behind the introduction of the resolution is unclear, as there is no recorded debate for either proposal.

Other constitutional amendments, such as the Every Vote Counts Amendment , have been proposed seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, which proponents argue would increase turnout and participation.

Other proposed reforms include the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact without Congressional authorization, whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote, instead of voting their respective statewide results.

Another proposal is for every state to simply adopt the District system used by Maine and Nebraska: The Automatic Plan would replace the Electors with an automatic tallying of votes to eliminate the faithless elector affecting the outcome of the election.

The Proportional Plan, often compared to the District Plan, would distribute electoral votes in each state in proportion to the popular vote, introducing third party effects in election outcomes.

The House Plan would require a constitutional amendment to allocate electors based on the House apportionment alone to lessen small state advantage.

Direct election plans and bonus plans have in common a higher valuation on the popular vote for president. This is a table of electoral college results.

Voter turnout in the and elections showed a noticeable increase over the turnout in and Prior to , voter turnout in presidential elections had been decreasing while voter registration, measured in terms of voting age population VAP by the U.

Census, has been increasing. The VAP figure, however, includes persons ineligible to vote — mainly non-citizens and ineligible felons — and excludes overseas eligible voters.

Opinion is mixed on whether this decline was due to voter apathy. Voter turnout from the and election was "not statistically different," based on the voting age population used by a November U.

Census survey of 50, households. Prior to , many presidential candidates disclosed assets, stock holdings, and other information which might affect the public trust.

Romney went a step further and released his tax returns for the previous twelve years. Thorndike and established of the nonprofit Tax Analysts group [83] — has compiled the publicly released tax returns of presidents and presidential candidates including primary candidates.

In , Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump broke with tradition, becoming the only major-party candidate since Gerald Ford in to not make any of his full tax returns public.

Nixon released his tax returns while being audited. Presidential elections are held on the same date as those for all the seats in the United States House of Representatives , the full terms for 33 or 34 of the seats in the United States Senate , the governorships in several U.

Presidential candidates tend to bring out supporters who then vote for their party's candidates for those other offices.

Voter turnout is also generally higher during presidential election years than either midterm election years [89] or odd-numbered election years.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the most recent election, see United States presidential election, For the upcoming election, see United States presidential election, List of Presidents of the United States.

Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections.

Democratic Republican Third parties. All other candidates together. United States presidential primary and United States presidential nominating convention.

Electoral College United States. Social media in the United States presidential election, Criticisms of the Electoral College , Criticisms of U.

States won by Republican Mitt Romney by 0—4 percentage points. States won by Democrat Barack Obama by 0—4 percentage points.

States won by Democrat Barack Obama by 4—8 percentage points. List of United States presidential elections by Electoral College margin and List of United States presidential elections by popular vote margin.

Voter turnout in the United States presidential elections. The Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico instead serves a four-year term that coincides with the presidential term.

The other 48 state governors serve four-year terms. The Western Political Quarterly. Retrieved November 8, DelReal April 3, Retrieved April 12, Constitution, and New York failed to appoint their allotment of electors in time because of a deadlock in their state legislature.

Retrieved 9 November Retrieved September 8, Retrieved 31 October Retrieved August 12, A case Study from the Elections".

Western Journal of Communication. The Internet and Campaign Retrieved August 26, The candidate who received a majority of electoral votes became President, and the runner-up became Vice President.

Three cast their vice presidential vote for Madison, and three for Monroe. This did not prevent endorsements from state Federalist parties such as in Pennsylvania , but he received the endorsement from the New York state Democratic-Republicans as well.

In total, King received 34 electoral votes. In total, Monroe received electoral votes. In the House, 13 state delegations voted for Adams, 7 for Jackson, and 4 for Crawford.

In total, Jackson received electoral votes. As a result, the election went to the Senate, which elected Johnson by a vote of 33— Had they been counted, Lincoln would have received electoral votes.

Therefore, the possible tickets are listed with the minimum and maximum possible number of electoral votes each. Turner , a faithless elector from Alabama , voted for Jones and Talmadge instead of Stevenson and Kefauver.

Irwin , a faithless elector from Oklahoma , cast his vote for Byrd and Goldwater instead of Nixon and Lodge. He voted for Dole, however, as pledged.

Retrieved December 25, Archived from the original on Office of the Clerk. Archived from the original on July 25, Retrieved January 24, Archived from the original on November 13, Pew Research Center, July 24, Low turnout is most pronounced in off-year elections for state legislators and local officials as well as primaries.

United States presidential elections. West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming. Brokered convention Convention bounce Superdelegate. Results Summary Elections in which the winner lost the popular vote Electoral College margins Electoral College results by state Electoral vote changes between elections Electoral vote recipients Popular vote margins Contingent election Faithless elector Unpledged elector Voter turnout.

Campaign slogans Historical election polling Election Day Major party tickets Major party losers Presidential debates October surprise Red states and blue states Swing state Election recount.

House elections Senate elections Gubernatorial elections. Politics portal United States portal. Retrieved from " https: All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from December Articles with permanently dead external links Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia Articles containing video clips.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 6 November , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

This article is part of a series on the. Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Political parties Democratic Republican Third parties.

United States portal Other countries Atlas. Nowadays, one in five of its people are black or African American, part of an increasingly moderate population based in its urban areas.

This shifting of demographics meant that the state was expected to stay Democrat this time around, with polls showing Clinton eight points clear of Trump at the end of October.

Situated on the Atlantic coast, Virginia was the first colonial possession established in British America. North Carolina was highly coveted for both Trump and Clinton, with the candidates making multiple campaign stops there in the fortnight leading up to election day.

While Obama won it in with the assistance of demographic shifts and liberal urban areas, Romney managed to claim it for the Republicans in - the only swing state Obama lost in the last presidential election.

This southeastern state is the ninth most populous in America and has a lower white population, at 64 per cent, than the average state.

All of these were essential battlegrounds that both candidates canvassed hard. With most votes already counted Trump looks to have secured the votes of at least three in five voters in 10 states while Clinton can only boast the same vote share in five.

O ver six million people voted for third party candidates in this election - tripling the number since Exit polls showed how dissatisfied Americans were with both candidates, and this shows in the number of people who voted for a candidate that wasn't Trump or Clinton.

T he Senate and the House of Representatives, the two chambers that comprise America's legislature, also had elections.

The Republicans held onto both of these chambers. No victor was announced in Louisiana due to the state's rule that any victor must secure at least 50 per cent of the vote.

The top two candidates from last week's vote will go head to head for the seat in a run-off next month. A ll seats in the House were up for re-election and the Republicans also held on here with a slightly reduced majority.

With a few results still to come in, the Democrats looked to have gained six seats last Tuesday, not enough to overturn the large GOP advantage.

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Home News Sport Business. Presidential results maps T he electoral map is important. Which states did Trump swing from Obama? Many voted for neither candidate O ver six million people voted for third party candidates in this election - tripling the number since Congressional elections T he Senate and the House of Representatives, the two chambers that comprise America's legislature, also had elections.

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Hackt Russland die US-Wahl? Präsidentschaftswahlen in den Vereinigten Staaten. Zusatzartikels zur Verfassung der Vereinigten Staaten nach zwei Amtszeiten nicht erneut antreten. In deren Ergebnis bildeten republikanische und demokratische Wahlleute das Wahlleutekollegium Electoral College. Erwachsenen in den USA. Over the decades, independent political polling has offered an objective look at election races, an assessment of each candidate's strengths and weaknesses, and an examination of the demographic groups supporting each candidate. This matters less if the election is a landslide, but in a close election, a one- or two-point margin of error looms large. November , zugegriffen The major reforms that the Democrats instituted have encouraged most of the states, which make the election laws for their residents, to hold primary elections. We are often charged with going well beyond simply measuring fluctuations in public opinion with respect to issues and candidates, to manipulating voters, holding a guru's sway over pliant elected officials, and ultimately affecting voter turnout as a result of elections. Jill Stein, liberals seek voting hack investigation. Graham ends his campaign for the White House. Der spätere Wahlsieger Trump benutzte bei öffentlichen Auftritten zumeist kurze, klar strukturierte Sätze und häufig den Imperativ, wie bei seinem Slogan Make America great again. Januar wurde Donald Trump als Präsident vereidigt und in sein Amt eingeführt , womit seine Präsidentschaft begann. Die Wahlmänner des Electoral College gaben am

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